The present town, at only 22 km from the province of Catanzaro, is situated at the foot of the Sila Piccola (Small Sila), that includes a part of the National Park and the picturesque Sila resorts of Villaggio Mancuso and Villaggio Racise. Taverna is the birthplace of Mattia Preti, one of the greatest Italian painters of the 17th century, and of his brother Gregorio, who is also a prestigious painter of the time. The museum that houses the paintings by Mattia Preti is a frequent destination for visitors from all over the world. The toponym derives from the Latin Taberna, because in Roman times it was a stop point from the Ionian coast to the Sila. The origins of the town are lost in legend and are confirmed in the "Chronica Trium Tabernarum", according to which the town, during the Byzantine rule, was located on the coast and was known as Trischene or Tre Taverne (Three Taverns). Only after the raids and looting of the Saracens, around the 9th century, the surviving inhabitants moved higher, in the current site. Taverna, like all Calabrian cities, lived intensely every historical event, acquiring a significant role also from a religious point of view. Taverna is also the womb of ancient gastronomic traditions, with great delicious dishes. Like the Pitta 'mpigliata, a popular sweet made of fruits collected at the end of the farming year and stored for the winter. The fruits used for preparation are almonds, raisins, walnuts, pine nuts and dried figs. The Pitte are in the form of small stuffed rectangles, arranged like a flower on round pastry sprinkled with sugar, cinnamon and honey. They are golden in colour and have a spicy aroma. The great history of this sweet is lost in the ancient traditions of the town, and its perfect execution was one of the qualities of a bride required by the marriage contract.